Halyard Replacement

 

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This topic contains 35 replies, has 10 voices, and was last updated by SWG SWG 3 years, 4 months ago.

Viewing 30 posts - 1 through 30 (of 36 total)
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  • #1809

    Jaime Edwards
    Participant

    I had made a new main halyard several years ago with 3/16 tech 12 spliced to a 5/16 XLS tail. I was pleased with the performance but the tech 12 has just not held up to the UV exposure.

    For replacement, I have been looking at V-100 (or possibly the T-900 line) What are most folks using these days?

    #2138

    Jason Adamson
    Participant

    Interesting that you brought this up. I am in the process of replacing my halyards after 3 years of racing. I am going with the V-100 for both the main and jib halyard and Endura Braid Euro for the two spins. All in 8mm or 5/16. I had V-100 for the main for the last 3 years and it has held up pretty well to constant abuse. The end is getting some fuzzing. I always sky the halyards after every use to protect the core. I have them stripped for about 20ft to reduce weight aloft. For my new halyards I am adding dyneema chafe guard to all the ends for additional protection from the sheeves.

    #2140

    Dari
    Participant

    I used Yale MaxiBraid Plus 5/16 for the Spinnaker, and Yale Crystalyne 5/16 for the Jib…I thought about stripping them, but seriously I rather have the longevity of a cover protecting the core over the weight savings. I also went from 3/8 to 5/16, I figured the weight gain was negligible.

    #2141
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    You could haul the halyard into the mast and have a retrieve line for sacrifice purposes. Anyone using line for a backstay? Size?

    #2143

    Dari
    Participant

    I am using 1/4 Ultrex 12 – Yale (100% Dyneema SK-75) A little overboard if you ask me…with Ferrules instead of blocks…I think the 5/16 would have been sufficient.

    #2144

    Dari
    Participant

    I meant to say 3/16 would have been sufficient.

    #2146
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    Dari: you are replying to my backstay question? If so..how often do you think it will need replacement? I have 3/16th for my lifelines…second season and they look great. I trust them a lot more than wire. I’m using Robline 75 Dyneema. Same stuff for backstay..hmmmm.

    #2147

    Old School
    Participant

    Old School has a 1/4 Samson Validator SKB, which is a vectran / dyneema 6300lb blend for the primary genoa. Secondary genoa / spin and 2:1 main are 3/16 SKB, 4800lb. Primary spin is 5/16 3400 lb poly…I really do not mind some give in the spin halyard. Thus far, I have not stripped them, just because I am too lazy to sky the halyards to protect the vectran.

    I did switch to 5mm dux for my backstay last season. After a season and a half of use, it is showing a bit of chafe where the top batten smacks it, but otherwise not other visible wear. And yes…ferrules instead of blocks.

    #2148

    Dari
    Participant

    @BH, yes, I am replying to the BStay Q. We just installed it and so not enough time has passed for a durability test…although, with the price of line these days, if it lasts 2 years, who cares the line costs $.87 a foot…just redo it.

    @OS…we copied what the Melges24 have and installed a BackStay Flicker on top of the mast…in light air, the main always would get caught, one heavy batten and a small block, and that problem has been eliminated…

    I will say this, I really like the Yale line, I like the solid color choices (6 different one) and it feels great, and there is NEVER any confusion about which line to trim…Splices pretty easy too!

    D

    #2149
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    Hijacking the original theme, sorry. BUT maybe I’m done with one question..how did you rig the line? SS thimbles at mast top I presume…but how about to the block at the cascade? Is this where you are using ferrules?

    I’ve seen some boats put like an electrical shrink wrap over the line as a side note to prevent chafe from battens.

    thanks!

    #2150

    Dari
    Participant

    I did a SS thimble on the “Mast” end…then the ferruler on the other end. I used a total of 3 furrulers in the system…one on the backstay coming from the mast, one on the end coming from the port, then another coming from the starboard side…I actually use HEAT Shrink all the time around the boat…its pretty good to overlay the Whipped end of line…one extra layer of protection…Let me know if you want pics…I’ll be at the boat tomorrow.

    #2151
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    I would like a pic to see the three ferrules to see if it adapts to my cascade ok. I hate my rod backstay..ugly and doesn’t want to clear the batton if backstay is off. Have you considered a flicker? I had one for my rod backstay, but it wasn’t strong enough. If I go rope..it will come back!

    #2152
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    oops..missed your flicker comment.

    #2154

    Derek Lay
    Participant

    I’d like to see the pics too. Might drop in to see yours too Scot if you don’t mind. I’ve still got a wire backstay and need to install a flicker anyway so now may be the time to switch.

    What are people running for purchase on their cascades? We were out in 20-25 knots last night with a light crew and I had it cranked on a lot more than usual. Has anyone ever seen one compromise the mast?

    #2156

    Old School
    Participant

    I will attempt to remember to take some pics of my backstay tonight. I believe it is around 48:1

    When the conditions are strong, we just crank everything on, and don’t look up. Ever.

    (original single spreader)

    #2166

    Old School
    Participant

    For those looking for backstay info, I have set up a new page on the site with images.
    http://www.olson30.org/the-boat/tips-and-tweaks/backstays/

    #3603
    SWG
    SWG
    Keymaster

    do people have their halyards set up with two spinnaker and one genoa or the other way around? if two spinnaker do people cross them below?

    #3604
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    Two spinnakers. We have the port spinnaker halyard exit the mast on starboard for hoisting. Is that what you are asking? We cleat it on the mast. Fairlead above the cleat.

    #3605
    SWG
    SWG
    Keymaster

    yes, that was the question.

    we are replacing the original wire-rope (!) halyards so we need to figure out what we’re getting. seems like for distance races it would be preferable to have two genoa halyards over two spinnaker? you seem to do both bruce, what do you think? pretty sure some of the info i got here was fairly recent and from you. some posts refer to primary and secondary genoa halyards, some to port and stbd spinnaker halyards.

    #3606
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    You can hoist a genoa on either spin halyard. Just make sure it is as high tech a line as the jib halyard.

    The buoy races we do round to port, so we use the port halyard the most, hoisting from the ‘high side’. On distance races, if you want to change jibs, use the starboard halyard and make sure it is the high tech one. This leaves the ‘hoisting’ side free for the spinnaker. We cleat both spinnakers on the mast. The jib goes through a clutch near the cabin top winch and has a jam cleat as well for higher wind/tension.

    side note: On distance races, we have abandoned spinnaker peels. We can douse and launch faster.

    #3607
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    6mm line is max needed, btw. Dyneema blend a core minimum.

    #3608
    SWG
    SWG
    Keymaster

    the rigger suggests 6mm vectran for the jib halyard. so the question is do we make the secondary jib halyard (stbd sheave – also used a a spin halyard) the same spec or lesser spec rope. for instance dyneema or dyneema blend instead of vectran.

    also, how important do you think it is to go with a 2:1 main halyard? what do you gain or lose depending what you do?

    #3609
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    Do both in vectran.

    2:1 main? Why? I put a stopper in the rope groove at the white band. We hoist to that and we are done. We use a free tack with a line around the boom to tack it. (Quantum did this) The Cunningham does the rest. Main should be vectran as well.

    #3610
    SWG
    SWG
    Keymaster

    not sure why the 2:1 main halyard, to be honest. seems overkill.

    #3611
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    yep..a 31 ft main.

    #3612

    Jim Saylor
    Participant

    Bruce, why do you like vectran over Dyneema?

    #3615

    Jonathan Nye
    Participant

    We use a 2:1 main halyard. It’s led below deck with no access to a winch so thought it’d be good to have the extra purchase when needed.

    Some will argue there are compression benefits. Don’t believe it. First the O30 mast is so stiff, the main halyard tension isn’t going to affect it. Second, the whole argument is fallacious. Adding purchase does nothing to change the compression on the mast.

    Vectran for the main and genoa halyards because of it’s better creep characteristics.

    We use centerline (back up genoa) and starboard wing (primary genoa) halyards made from 1/4″ Yale Crystalyne (covered). The port wing (primary spinnaker halyard – crosses over to the starboard side of the mast) is 5/16″ Endura (partially stripped).

    Jonathan

    #3617
    SWG
    SWG
    Keymaster

    jonathan,

    that all sounds good to me. makes sense about the 2:1 since you’re essentially hoisting by hand. curious why you put the primary genoa on the stbd sheave instead of the middle one.

    one thing you find about choosing ropes – there seem to be sooo many kinds of rope available it can be dizzying. vectran, dyneema in various grades, dyneema/vectran blends, dyneema/polyester blends, covered (double braid) and non-covered (12 strand). then add to this about 5 major manufacturers who all make very similar products. so for a given kind of rope – let’s say vectran for a main or genoa halyard – there might be 5 or more options that are pretty much the same thing with different names. hard to keep track of everything.

    i am not sure why it’s called creep instead of stretch, but basically the vectran will not creep or stretch once you tension the halyard – or if it does it will be miniscule. you might need to re-tension a dyneema genoa halyard especially if wind speed increases. this is how it was explained to me.

    #3618
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    I’m beginning to believe some masts have different exit setups. I have a centerline sheave that is below two upper side by side spinnaker exits. The lower exit is for the jib as the other two are above the forestay.

    Vectran and Dyneema have very comparable strengths. Creep is not really stretch. It is the ‘setting’ of the fibers during first usage. Vectran is known to not creep much. Dyneema creeps a bunch, unless you get the heat set version. Creep is NOT a factor for adjusted lines. It is a factor for rigging that is static. A backstay will lengthen on you if dyneema. You need to know the creep and make an allowance for it. Once it sets..good as gold! I really like the heat treated single braid from New England. $2.05 a foot from Defender for 3/16″. 9400 lbs! Very little creep.

    #3619
    Bruce Hubble
    Bruce Hubble
    Participant

    I really, really like endurabraid for spin and genoa sheets. I uncover 50% of spin sheets using 5/16th (8mm) for size. The uncovered, coated dyneema is waterproof and very, very light. We don’t carry light air sheets.

    I use that size for handling, not strength. I’m thinking of two new spin halyards and probably will get endurabraid 6mm and strip those!

    Don’t forget that you can have high tech for 1/2 of halyards and 1/2 low tech! Save some bucks!

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